What might be a genetic (God’s) reason for some Jews to leave their Chosen tribe or bring somebody in | Vladimir Minkov | The Blogs | The Times of Israel
I am looking for a rabbi in search for God’s reason in the Torah – not guarding the tradition of his ordination institution
I am looking for a rabbi in search for God’s reason in the Torah – not guarding the tradition of his ordination institution
For about 25 years I have been looking for a rabbi who is capable to help me in search for God’s reason for the creation of humans in general and Jewish humans in particular. I didn’t find such a rabbi, began my own search in the Torah and began sharing my discoveries with others in many publications and forums including the posts here in the TOI. I am not alone in my inability to find a rabbi for such search – the majority of contemporary Jews are trying to find the reason for their existence without rabbis.
Two recent publications of two unquestionably reputable rabbis are a good illustration of this problem. The publications are
- “Who will be our rabbis?” by rabbi Adin Steinsaltz at
- “Rejecting the rabbi as spiritual sissy” by rabbi Shmuley Boteach at
Rabbi Adin Steinsaltzwrites:
“What, then, is a true Jewish leader? The Torah (Numbers 1:15) calls the leaders “the heads of the thousands of Israel.” This defines their essence. The Torah is thus telling us that a true leader is like a head. The head is the part of the body that knows what is happening in all of the other organs, and feels the pain of each and every one of them. Similarly, the leader is supposed to sense the problems and feel the pains of everyone.”
“Every Jew is an organ in the national body, and every Jew – even one who is like the little finger on the left hand – wants to know that s/he is connected by nerves, flesh and blood to its head.”
And this statement by rabbi Steinsaltz illuminates the problem and helps understand why I have not been able to find a rabbi I was looking for. It looks like rabbi Steinsaltz considers all of us who are not rabbis to be “nerves, flesh and blood” of rabbis’ heads. And that is an intellectual slavery by definition. No doubt, rabbi Steinsaltz knows the key story of the Torah – the exodus of Jews from Egypt from slavery to freedom. Why then he is trying to enslave me – intellectually – again? Why he is transforming a rabbis’ mission from being a teacher and researcher of God’s guidance into a mission of a spiritual authoritarian?
Unfortunately, the rabbis whom I met were of rabbi Steinsaltz’s mind-set and treated me just as “nerves, flesh and blood” of their own heads.
Rabbi Steinsaltz, and a great majority of other rabbis, wants me to be made in the image and likeness of my rabbi. However, God made me in His own image and likeness, and I am searching for my own individual meaning of this “image and likeness” – and I am searching for a rabbi who is capable to help me in this search.
The rabbi’s characteristics suggested by rabbi Shmuley Boteach are much closer to what I am looking for. Indeed, rabbi Shmuley Boteach says:
“A rabbi is a man on a mission. His purpose: to rebuild Jewish life. To establish schools, mikvahs, adult education classes, debates, seminars, weekend retreats, and stimulating communal events. He is not empathizer-in-chief but programmer in chief.”
It’s true, as both Socrates and the Zohar state, that a truly wise person knows how much he doesn’t know. That being said, we are not free to shirk our responsibilities to fix problems in the world. Neither Socrates nor the great Kabbalistic text implied that in our ignorance we could absolve ourselves of the responsibility of offering guidance where it was warranted. It just means that such advice has to always be offered with humility and a keen awareness of our own limitations.
“Because if Judaism cannot demonstrate that it has real-world guidance on how to have passionate marriages, raise moral and inspired children, overcome deadening materialism, and countless other real-life matters, then it has no shot at survival. Aside from a small band of the orthodox, it will die.
People in the West want guidance to overcome emptiness and lust for money that has come to define Western culture. They want more than investing in stocks and bonds. It’s why thousands of Americans still decide to go to college and study humanities and not business. Even in a world where Wall Street, in your first year, will pay you a million bucks, students study history, art, philosophy, and language. Many of them look to religious leadership and religious texts to find that same inspiration but walk away empty and frustrated.”
A rabbi with such understanding of his mission would be capable to help me in searching for God’s reason in creating us the humans and us the Jews among the humans. In particular, I am looking for rabbi’s thoughts on the following.
- God created us the humans not for worshiping Him – He doesn’t need our worshiping that acknowledges His all-mightiness. In the Torah, God is the Creator and He created all humans in His image and likeness – therefore He created us the humans to be creators and to continue His creative work that began by the Six Days of Creation.
- Worshiping of God (the religion) is needed for us as a spiritual, “analytical” tool for researching of “what and how” we the humans have to create. We have to do perpetual worshiping since it is impossible to create a “frozen forever” set of “what and how” and stop worshiping. It is impossible since God created our world as permanently changing along the lines of His laws of nature: when the world is changing we have to adjust our “what and how”, and we are adjusting it with the help of worshiping.
- The creative work can be truly creative only if it is competitive – therefore the competitiveness among the humans in spiritual and material spheres has to be encouraged, and that is the essence of Free Will which is given by God to us the humans. The various spiritual streams in Judaism are competing with each other and no one should claim its superiority in the knowledge of “what and how” – each of them are researching the “what and how” in their own unique competitive way.
- The competitiveness has to be peaceful and the chief goal of rabbis in Jewish communities is to help their followers develop peaceful individual “what and how” in all spheres of life – in families, in social and political institutions, in economic and technological enterprises, in arts and sciences … And that is the way of creating “common good” for everybody – the Jews and the non-Jews.
- The Torah is God’s spiritual guidance for establishing moral codes of behavior that promote and encourage the competitive creative work. This guidance is given by God to all humans through the Jewish people as the Chosen with the mission of the Chosen to help the others in creating their own Torah-based moral codes tailored to different, non-Jewish traditions. The Christianity was initiated by the Jews as a Torah-based code of behavior for non-Jews and therefore should be considered a Jewish success in introducing the Torah-based guidance into non-Jewish communities in competitive search for the God’s “what and how”.
- Obviously, the non-Jewish communities prefer their own way of searching for the God’s truth. Therefore, they naturally resist the influence of the Chosen, and that is at the root of anti-Semitism. Thus the anti-Semitism is a sort of indication that the Chosen are fulfilling the God-given mission; the absence of anti-Semitism may mean that the Jews have stopped fulfilling their Chosen mission.
- In order to prevent a “natural” anti-Semitism from becoming an “unnatural” one (like pogroms and holocausts) the rabbis have to encourage the establishment of interfaith dialog, first of all with the Christians, for clarification of the God-given mission of the Chosen that is the creation of “the common good” (making our world a better place for everybody) – not to be above the others. We the Jews should not be afraid of such dialog. There are many good Christians who appreciate the creative work of the Jewish people as the Chosen. Below are some examples.
|Pope Francis: The Church recognizes that the beginnings of its faith and election are to be found in the patriarchs, Moses and prophets … due to our common roots, a Christian cannot be anti-Semitic … St. Paul firmly condemned hatred, persecution and all forms of anti-Semitism … the gifts and call of God irrevocable.John Adams: I will insist the Hebrews have [contributed] more to civilize men than any other nation. If I was an atheist and believed in blind eternal fate, I should still believe that fate had ordained the Jews to be the most essential instrument for civilizing the nations… They are the most glorious nation that ever inhabited this Earth. The Romans and their empire were but a bubble in comparison to the Jews.
Winston S. Churchill: Some people like the Jews, and some do not. But no thoughtful man can deny the fact that they are, beyond any question, the most formidable and most remarkable race which has appeared in the world.
John F. Kennedy: Israel was not created in order to disappear – Israel will endure and flourish. It is the child of hope and the home of the brave. It can neither be broken by adversity nor demoralized by success. It carries the shield of democracy and it honors the sword of freedom.
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe: Energy is the basis of everything. Every Jew, no matter how insignificant, is engaged in some decisive and immediate pursuit of a goal… It is the most perpetual people of the earth…
Leo Tolstoy: What is the Jew?…What kind of unique creature is this whom all the rulers of all the nations of the world have disgraced and crushed and expelled and destroyed; persecuted, burned and drowned, and who, despite their anger and their fury, continues to live and to flourish. What is this Jew whom they have never succeeded in enticing with all the enticements in the world, whose oppressors and persecutors only suggested that he deny (and disown) his religion and cast aside the faithfulness of his ancestors?! The Jew – is the symbol of eternity. … He is the one who for so long had guarded the prophetic message and transmitted it to all mankind. A people such as this can never disappear. The Jew is eternal. He is the embodiment of eternity.
Eric Hoffer: The Jews are a peculiar people: Things permitted to other nations are forbidden to the Jews. Other nations drive out thousands, even millions of people, and there is no refugee problem. Russia did it. Poland and Czechoslovakia did it. Turkey threw out a million Greeks and Algeria a million Frenchmen. Indonesia threw out heaven knows how many Chinese–and no one says a word about refugees. But in the case of Israel, the displaced Arabs have become eternal refugees. Everyone insists that Israel must take back every single Arab. Arnold Toynbee calls the displacement of the Arabs an atrocity greater than any committed by the Nazis. Other nations when victorious on the battlefield dictate peace terms. But when Israel is victorious it must sue for peace. Everyone expects the Jews to be the only real Christians in this world.
Mark Twain: …If statistics are right, the Jews constitute but one percent of the human race. It suggests a nebulous dim puff of stardust lost in the blaze of the Milky way. Properly, the Jew ought hardly to be heard of, but he is heard of, has always been heard of. He is as prominent on the planet as any other people, and his commercial importance is extravagantly out of proportion to the smallness of his bulk. His contributions to the world’s list of great names in literature, science, art, music, finance, medicine, and abstruse learning are also away out of proportion to the weakness of his numbers. He has made a marvelous fight in this world, in all the ages; and had done it with his hands tied behind him. He could be vain of himself, and be excused for it. … The Egyptian, the Babylonian, and the Persian rose, filled the planet with sound and splendor, then faded to dream-stuff and passed away; the Greek and the Roman followed; and made a vast noise, and they are gone; other people have sprung up and held their torch high for a time, but it burned out, and they sit in twilight now, or have vanished. The Jew saw them all, beat them all, and is now what he always was, exhibiting no decadence, no infirmities of age, no weakening of his parts, no slowing of his energies, no dulling of his alert and aggressive mind. All things are mortal but the Jew; all other forces pass, but he remains. What is the secret of his immortality?
Vladimir Minkov: And the answer to the Mark Twain’s question is: the secret of Jewish immortality is their eternal God-given mission of the Chosen.
This blog and other author’s blogs before it have been exploring the intellectual interpretation of Judaism for a long time.
I began exploring the intellectual interpretation of Judaism after I realized that the traditional interpretation of Judaism was not helping me understand many things in the real life surrounding me such as for example the true meaning and roots of anti-Semitism or how to be proudly and openly Jewish in my professional and public activities.
The difference between intellectual and traditional interpretations of Judaism may be defined in the following way.
The intellectual interpretation is based on (almost scientific) exploration of the image of All-Mighty One God along the lines of His image in the Torah – God as the Creator, God as the Unique Individual, and God as the Eternity – the God whose designs (intentions, goals, objectives, laws, …) for the entire world, for us the humans and for us the Jewish humans we have to discover and obey in order to create a better world for everybody. The Torah was given by God to all humans through the Jewish humans as “The Chosen” with their mission as The Chosen to help the others understand God’s guidance in the Torah. The Jewish people were freed from the Egypt’s slavery by God, and the Jewish people have an obligation to help the others to free themselves from their own “egypts” to live in freedom – the “egypts” may be oppressive governments, dictatorial regimes, oppressive community leaders … Since we the humans are created in the image of God, we are unique individuals who are doing creative work by competing with each other for better creative designs hopefully to live in eternity.
The traditional interpretation is based on specifying another image of God in the Torah – God as the All-Mighty personal caregiver we the humans have to love and to fear, and our love and fear are demonstrated by performing traditional rituals codified by the Jewish humans in Talmud and by judgments of religious authorities. The Torah was given by God to the Jewish people as “The Chosen” for an exclusive use, and such an exclusive use can be practiced only in spiritual isolation minimizing the relationships with the others. The Jews are building a better world in their own isolated communities, and that’s up to the non-Jews to build their own better world if they can. The traditional interpretation of Judaism is easier to understand since it is based on applying well known human characteristics to God’s image. Here should be one God’s approved set of moral principles and deviation from this set has to be discouraged; individuals should not develop their own competing ideas – they have to obey religious authority.
An interview conducted by David Horovitz, the founding editor of The Times of Israel, with Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, one of the outstanding Rabbis of our times, demonstrates the importance of intellectual interpretation of Judaism.
Below are excerpts from the interview.
Let me take you back into more customary territory, and a semi-scandalous question about the Jews as the chosen people. Judaism has taught the world and can give the world a moral compass, but why do the Jews themselves need to maintain their separation, and the egotistical sense of being the chosen people? Doesn’t that make everybody else not the chosen people?
Look at the first recorded syllables of Jewish time. God says to Abraham, leave your land, your birthplace, your father’s house. Travel to a land which I will show you. And you ask yourself, you know, there’s something strange here. Why a land? Why not the whole universe. Why not go and conquer the world? Or why not just have an individual, personal relationship with God?
God says to Abraham, You go and be different, to show the world the importance of difference. Without difference you cannot have a free society.
You’re very small. Here’s a group of believers. Or it could be huge. One God, one way, one truth.
And somehow Judaism chose neither of these. Christianity and Islam both developed the one God, one way, one truth [approach]: You can’t find salvation outside of us. But Judaism never went down that road. That was the one bit of Judaism that Christianity and Islam did not borrow.
At the same time, Bereshit (Genesis) is followed by Shemot (Exodus). Not just a family relationship with God, it’s a national relationship with God. And the best way I have been able to explain this is that Judaism is a sustained protest against empire.
Hence the true great beginnings of Judaism. The first empire of Sargon in Mesopotamia and the neo-Assyrian empire — and Abraham’s journey away from that. And the second great empire, the Egypt of the Pharaohs, which was, after all, the longest-lived empire of the lot… This is the world’s superpower. Everyone’s trying to get in. And the Israelites are trying to get out. I only understand this as protest against empire.
The way I put it in my book, “The Dignity of Difference,” is that the truth at the heart of monotheism is not one God, one way, one truth, but unity up there creates diversity down here. Just as today we understand the importance of bio-diversity, so right at the beginning the Torah understood the importance of human cultural diversity. God says to Abraham, You go and be different, to show the world the importance of difference.
Without difference you cannot have a free society. That was Aristotle’s critique of Plato’s “The Republic.” Plato eliminated the poets from The Republic because they encouraged people to think for themselves. And Aristotle said, no, politics is about difference. Essentially, that was the Netziv’s (19th Century sage Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin) reading of the Tower of Babel: The whole land was of one speech in the same words. He calls that, in effect, though he doesn’t use the word, the first totalitarianism.
So Judaism is protest in the name of the sanctity of the individual, in the image of God, and the equal dignity of all of us, under the sovereignty of God. And the task of Judaism — which was a very challenging one, for which we paid a very high price historically — is to show that a small nation can still teach humanity what human dignity is all about, what human freedom is all about.
And that comes from the fact that Judaism itself is a questioning religion?
Most faiths are born in some kind of certainty or some kind of salvation. Judaism is born in cognitive dissonance. It’s born in the dissonance between the world that is and the world that ought to be. So Jews are pretty restless.
What I’m saying really is how is it that when, for the first time in 4,000 years of history, you have sovereignty and statehood in Israel, equality and dignity in the Diaspora, have we suddenly forgotten what we’re all about — which is bringing spiritual and moral values into the heart of society? We’re seeing the Jewish world split between those who are in the heart of society but a long way from their Judaism, and those who are in the heart of Judaism but a long way from the mainstream of society. We seem to have been split in two; we’re kind of a schizophrenic people. I want to heal that a little bit just by being a very humble presence on the sidelines, a kind of scholar in residence for the people who are trying to make a better Jewish future.
If you were to ask anyone what are the five major problems facing humanity in the 21st Century, by more or less universal consent they would be: climate change, global warming; the problem of the growing gap between first and third world economies; asylum seekers; terror, and creating democracies in parts of the world that have no tradition of it.
I see Israel as a symbol of hope for every country in the world. Israel has shown what a small nation can achieve under the most adverse conditions
In all those areas Israel has led the world. It is the only country that had more trees at the end of the 20th century than at the beginning. It was the first country to plant forests rather than tear them down. It is the world’s leading example of a third world economy that became a cutting edge first world economy. Together with the United States it is the only country in the world which is made out of asylum seekers. The last time I looked they came from 103 different countries speaking 82 different languages — probably more than that by now. Somehow out of it, it’s forged an incredibly dynamic nation. It is the country that has developed all the effective measures against terror, and any country in the world that wants to fight terror has to come to Israel or study Israel’s methods. And finally, Israel brought democracy to the Middle East. I call Israel a hyper-democracy. It has the most politically engaged electorate in the world. It is and has remained a democracy with an independent judiciary and a free press.
Halakhic discussion on the paper “Three pillars of Judaism – Intellect, Halakha and Integration. A scientific analysis”.
The paper “Three pillars of Judaism – Intellect, Halakha and Integration. A scientific analysis” was posted at the orthodox Halakhic Jewish forum Hashkafah with the request for comments. Below are a Halakha man (H)’s comments with my (V) responses.
Do you think that the priestly blessing, something that you can’t take credit for, trumps intellect?
If you see the High Priest, you will see that he is “vested” in the people, not in himself.
Yes and No. If the priestly blessing helps individuals to figure out what is wrong and what is right in his/her individual creative work, the blessing is intellectual and what an individual needs to correctly use his/her “free will” given to him/her by God. However, if under the cover of priestly blessing is the order to obey or be punished, that is not “in the image of God”.
The true High Priest is an intellectual individual and he is “vested” in the people indeed. However, your rabbi may be vested not in the people but in collecting money to support his salary and well-being of his synagogue.
Would you agree with this?
Why do you say the blessing is intellectual. That is the means the serpent used to offer the fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. The fruit that God told them not to eat. The serpent also said that there is no punishment for eating it. If the law has no punishment then it is baseless.
Why did you start your second paragraph with words about the High Priest, and then finish with corrupt selfish rabbi ?
The same answer as in the above. If the priestly blessing helps individuals to figure out what is wrong and what is right in his/her individual creative work, the blessing is intellectual and what an individual needs to correctly use his/her “free will” given to him/her by God. However, if under the cover of priestly blessing is the order to obey or be punished, that is not “in the image of God”.
I believe the priestly blessing is about God’s creative work. I mean it says; The Lord bless you and keep you; the Lord make His face shine upon you and be gracious to you; the Lord turn His face toward you and give you peace… Then recieve a blessing name.
It is also why the High Priest is “vested” in the people and not in himself. Because it is about God’s creative work, the person that is being claimed by God.
If intellect is your first pillar, at what point does God enter your grand scheme of things. God looked for a man after His own heart and God claimed David. God said that He will build a house for David. God’s creative work. David said, God is my rock.
Honestly saying, I don’t understand your question. I agree with everything in this your post. God is everything in the three pillars – in Intellect, in Halakha and in Integration. God provided us with the Free Will to interpret His guidance tailored to human life conditions. Some of us live in constantly changing environment – those Jews are using God-given intellect to tailor their realm to God’s guidance, and that is the pillar of Intellect. Some of us are uncomfortable with constantly changing life environment – and they tailored their realm to their static life environment and codified it in Halakha, and that is the pillar of Halakha. Some of us are uncomfortable with Jewish self-separation – they are concentrating on finding common ground with non-Jews, and that is the Integration pillar.
If you heard the story in the beginning, then you would see that it is the serpent that offered free will. And by God’s word you would see that God offered perfect will.
Yes, I have tried to study hard all crucial Torah’s stories, and what I have discovered is the following.
(a) We cannot discover the God’s truth playing with different words – in this case Free will, Perfect will, God’s will; we can get closer to the God’s truth only by trying to understand the Torah’s fundamentals.
(b) One of the Torah’s fundamentals is that we the humans are created in the image and likeness of God and the most prominent trait of the image is that God is the Creator. Therefore, we the humans have to be creators. The goal of our human creation is developing spiritual and material “stuff” to make our world a better place for everybody. God had done and continue to do all that – and we the humans have to be participants in the creation at our human level of responsibilities.
(c) Nobody of the humans is able to understand the precise God’s guidance for our human creation. Therefore we the humans compete for better interpretations of the precise God’s guidance. We compete in our synagogues and yeshivas for a better understanding of God’s guidance on spiritual/moral issues – we compete in our political institutions for a better understanding of God’s guidance on communal issues – we compete in our scientific schools for a better understanding of God’s natural laws.
(d) The three pillars of Judaism I have described in my original post – Intellect, Halakha and Integration – are at the heart of the competition. At the Intellect pillar the Jews are competing for the best tailoring of God’s guidance to permanently changing life conditions; at the Halakha pillar the Jews are trying to find something suitable for and unchangeable at any life conditions; at the Integration pillar the Jews are searching for spiritual common ground for the Jews as the Chosen people and non-Jews.
…I think that death feels like dis-integration. And that it is very dis-a…pointing.
Your post “…I think that death feels like dis-integration” reminded me of one more human spiritual characteristics if indeed we truly believe we are created in the image of God. God is Eternal, and therefore every human is eternal – eternal in terms of the eternity of soul and our creative deeds (including our families and communities). That’s why I believe a natural dis-integration of our bodies should not be dis-a…pointing. Would you agree with this?
In my last post, I am just conceding. You did not accept my first post in this thread about the priestly blessing. So it is the natural course that you chose for me. You win. I lose.
Here I disagree with you completely. In an honest discussion on Torah there are no winners or losers – everybody has a chance to strengthen or modify his own beliefs. Your posts let me better understand how the Jews of the Halakha pillar are searching for the God’s truth.
The purpose of these notes is to demonstrate that the image of God in the Torah we the humans were created in allows to have many competing religious streams in Judaism (and in Christianity) in addition to those streams which follow Halakha.
The Torah is the first known human document describing the creation of our world and us the humans in this world as well as the Creator Himself. As the Torah asserts, we the humans found God the Creator and had begun a conversation with Him. By initiating this conversation we had begun the process of discovering (a) how the world we live in was created and (b) what we the humans are supposed to do in this world. And any process of discovery is Science by definition.
Indeed, the dictionary definition of Science is “the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment”. And that is what Religion is doing from the very beginning of human existence – it systematically studying – through observation and experiment – the world of human existence that is a part of the natural world.
The proof of any scientific discovery is the evidence which is defined as “the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid”. And that is how Religion is convincing the humans that the laws of human existence which have been discovered by Religion and observed by the humans are true and valid – true and valid because the humans are able to fulfill their human destiny if they follow those laws.
The human destiny is defined in the Torah. The definition starts with a simple statement that the humans are created in the image of God (this definition is preserved in the Christian Bible). In accordance with the Torah, the image of God has the following fundamental traits: (a) God is Creator, (b) God is a unique individual, and (c) God is eternal. If it is so, we the humans have to be creators, have to be individuals and have to be eternal.
Judaism is supposed to interpret the Torah’s guidance for human behavior having an interpretation tailored to a unique Jewish hypothesis of the “made in the image of God”. Let’s see what it is.
We the humans exist not just for mere physical survival as the animals do – we exist for doing creative work for the eternity as individuals (rabbis and priests, architects and engineers, artists, and composers, religionists and social workers, laborers, etc.). Creative work is based on competition of different ideas, and Judaism explores those ideas by three different fundamental approaches.
(1) This approach is based on the observation that God created our world perpetually changing – changing along the lines of unchangeable laws created by God. Because the world is changing constantly, God’s guidance for human behavior has to be constantly tailored to the changing life conditions for individuals and their collective organizations – changing along the lines of fundamental Torah’s concepts. The God’s guidance is supposed to guide the individuals and their collective organizations in the spiritual and material creative work. What should be created and how to spiritually react to new life conditions have to be found by an individual. Rabbis and other religious authorities are supposed to teach how to make individual choices but not demand obedience to the will of authority. In this approach the meaning of creative work is to develop new things what have not been in existence before. With this approach people are judged individually by the results of their creative work. This approach requires living together with Gentile population but being Jewish-wise positively distinguished as an example of being “made in the image of God”. This approach encourages strengthening Judeo-Christian spiritual unity based on Torah’s Ten Commandments and joint work on making the world a better place for everybody. That is a Judaism’s pillar which is based on Intellect given to us by God precisely for this purpose.
(2) Another approach is based on the belief that God the Creator created everything as practically unchangeable. If it is so, an unchangeable God’s guidance for human behavior can be developed, and people can be judged by obedience to this guidance with no flexibility for individual deviation from the guidance allowed. And a sizable segment of the Jewish people created such guidance called Halakha. The Halakha guidance may be slowly changing but unwillingly, with great resistance and only if the real life forces to do so. With this approach the meaning of creative work is transformed from the creating the new things to supporting or restoring everything what have been in existence. Two traits are characteristic for this approach: (a) only rabbis have the right to declare what is right and what is wrong in Judaism – all others are denied this right; (b) Halakhic Jews are spiritually segregating themselves from the non-Jewish world – they are not anymore a visible example of Torah-based spiritual principles for the entire world. With this approach people are judged by obedience to laws, rituals and guidance created by other people who are considered to be “religious authority”. That is a Judaism’s pillar which is based on Halakha.
(3) And finally, the last approach is based on the idea that if God made everybody in His image, and the Gentiles are the majority among those made in His image, it is wise not to distinguish yourself among them. This approach leads to integration with a greater Gentile society and even to assimilation. With this approach people are judged by obedience to a secular ideology dominated in a Gentile society. That is a Judaism’s pillar which is based on Integration.
Such great diversity is encouraged by God through the Torah.
Indeed, God handed out the Torah to the Jewish people with “Free Will” that encouraged the Jews and non-Jews alike to tailor God’s life-journey guidance to different life traditions and conditions the humans may live in. And such free-will tailoring gave birth to numerous religious and scientific schools of thought competing with each other for discovering the true God’s laws with all discoverers having their own definition of the “true”.
About two millenniums ago four major Jewish groups were competing for the “most truthful” interpretation of the Torah – Essenes, Sadduces, Pharisees and Zealots, and Orthodox, Conservative, Reform and Humanistic Jews continue the competition these days.
About two millenniums ago one more Jewish group came to existence – the group headed by Joshua and mostly concerned with spreading the Torah guidance outside the Jewish communities to Gentile population, and this group laid out the foundation of Christianity with many competing groups within Christianity. While the Jews detailed their interpretation of the God’s guidance in Talmud the Christians did it in New Testament.
So the competition among various religions and religious streams is a normal thing as envisioned by the Torah. However, the competition has to be peaceful aimed at discovering the true God’s guidance. However, the history knows many examples of ugly and murderous competition. Why it is so? Those in Religion who perceive Religion as a way for discovering God’s world and guidance prefer and support peaceful competition as prescribed by God. Those in Religion for whom human spiritual power over people’s mind is the prime goal are fearful that they may not win in peaceful competition and therefore are using non-peaceful means to preserve the power.
The purpose of these notes is to substantiate the scientific unity of contemporary human religious beliefs and human non-religious sciences – the unity which is based on healthy competition of various religious and non-religious thought schools aimed at discovering the very reason for our human existence – the unity which had begun with the Jewish people finding One God and Torah and delivering this find to the rest of humans.
The Torah is the first known human document describing the creation of our world and us the humans in this world as well as the Creator Himself. As the Torah asserts, we the humans found God the Creator and had begun a conversation with Him. By initiating this conversation we had begun the process of discovering (a) how the world we live in was created and (b) what we the humans are supposed to do in this world. And any process of discovery is Science.
Indeed, the definition of Science is “the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment” (the Oxford dictionary). And that is what Religion is doing from the very beginning of human existence. Religion is systematically studying – through observation and experiment – the world of human existence that is a part of the physical and natural world.
The proof of any scientific discovery is the evidence which is defined as “the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid” (the Oxford dictionary). And that is how Religion is convincing the humans that the laws of human existence which have been discovered by Religion and observed by the humans are true and valid – true because of the humans decided it is so and valid because those laws enable the humans to fulfill their human destiny.
The human destiny is defined in the Torah and this definition is preserved in the Christian Bible. The definition starts with a simple statement that the humans are created in the image of God (for non-believers – in the image of “nature”). In accordance with the Torah, the image of God has the following fundamental traits: (a) God is Creator, (b) God is a unique individual, and (c) God is eternal. If it is so, we the humans have to be creators, have to be individuals and have to be eternal. As it is seen from these characteristics, we the humans were created not as an advanced animal breed but as something completely different. We are different since we – only we the humans – were created in the image of God.
What is the meaning of being creative?
We the humans exist not just for mere physical survival as the animals do – we exist for doing creative work (architects, engineers, artists, composers, religionists, social workers, laborers, etc.). And we the humans created Science as the tool for doing creative work. Science consists of two major branches – spiritual sciences and material sciences. Spiritual sciences, such as for example theology or philosophy, are defining what to create while material sciences, such as for example physics, chemistry or biology, are defining how to create.
We had started Science with spiritual sciences in our religious institutions – synagogues (about thirty three centuries ago), churches/monasteries (about twenty centuries ago), mosques (about twelve centuries ago) – based on theories, imagination, hypotheses using our still indefinable soul and now definable brain. Much-much later, probably about five centuries ago we had added to spiritual sciences material sciences which are able to confirm some of our spiritual theories and hypotheses.
What is the meaning of being individual?
Every human is spiritually armed to search for his/her unique interpretation of being creative including his/her own individual interpretation of the Torah/Bible’s guidance. Individuals with similar interpretations of the Torah/Bible’s guidance (not just in terms of religious rituals but mainly in terms of being creative) are forming collective organizations such as for example professional unions, religious organizations, social communities, political parties.
What is the meaning of being eternal?
We the humans associate our being not just with our physical body but with our yet undefined souls as well. And our souls guide us to create things what are lasting far beyond our physical lives: our families, our communities, our buildings and technologies, our art and science, etc. The animals, even the most advanced and sophisticated of them, don’t do it – they are just surviving.
As was mentioned, Science has two major areas – spiritual sciences and material sciences. They differ in a very significant way.
At the core of material sciences, advanced by various universities, foundations and institutions, is verification of all new discoveries by measuring the traits of a new discovery by existing scientific detectors which are delivering information to our brain mostly through our traditional Five Sensors – Sight, Hearing, Taste, Smell and Touch. However, the world of God the Creator that is studied by Sciences is not limited only to whatever we can detect by our human Five Senses. And everything what is beyond detection by our Five Sensors is the area of spiritual sciences advanced by Religion – the area of now immeasurable theories, hypotheses and even “fantasies”.
The Judeo-Christian world belief God handed out the Torah to the Jewish people with “Free Will” that encouraged the Jews and non-Jews to tailor God’s life-journey guidance to different life conditions and traditions the humans may live in. And such free-will tailoring gave birth to numerous religious and scientific schools of thought competing with each other for discovering the true God’s laws with all discoverers having their own definition of the “true”.
About two millenniums ago four major Jewish groups were competing for the “most truthful” interpretation of the Torah – Essenes, Sadduces, Pharisees and Zealots, and Orthodox, Conservative, Reform and Humanistic Jews continue the competition these days.
About two millenniums ago one more Jewish group came to existence – the group headed by Joshua and mostly concerned with spreading the Torah guidance outside the Jewish communities to Gentile population, and this group laid out the foundation of Christianity with many competing groups within Christianity. While the Jews detailed their interpretation of the God’s guidance in Talmud the Christians did it in New Testament.
If the Torah/Bible is a sort of first book of science, why many in Religion and Science are fighting each other?
Those in Religion who perceive Religion as a way for discovering God’s world see the implanted unity between Religion and Science; those in Religion for whom spiritual power over people’s mind is the prime goal are fearful that such harmony may complicate their fight for spiritual power over people’s mind.
The same applies to Science. Those in Science who perceive Science as a way for discovering the natural world and its laws created by something or somebody called God the Creator understand the unity between Science and Religion. In Science there are two categories of scientists rejecting Science in harmony with God. In one category we find scientists for whom scientific power over people’s mind is the prime goal and they are fearful that such harmony may complicate their fight for the position of a supreme scientific power. In the other category we find scientists who see in the humans only what they see in the animals – bones, flash, genes, chemical elements, etc. – they are not able to realize that the humans are a sort of animal bodies transformed to something principally different by the yet undetectable soul.
Why many in Science denigrate the Torah/Bible to the level of fantasies?
The Torah/Bible is rejected by those who want to have their own bibles on what to create and how to create – among them all the famous dictators of the world and even some scientists for whom the science is the established order of conducting scientific work and not a spiritual pursuit of discovery.
I have created and run a few discussions on Science, God and Religion in Amazon’s Forums. The main theme of the discussions was that Science may not be in harmony with Religion but it is certainly in harmony with God the Creator. It is so because Science discovers the laws of Nature created by something or somebody above us, the humans, called God while Religion was created by us, the humans, with the purpose of studying and discovering the essence of God the Creator and its spiritual and material laws. Because Religion is a human development it is subjected to well-known human sins – among them the sin of subjugating the others to the “MY” will that is to “MY” interpretation of God’s laws.
Below is the essence of these discussions in the form of questions-answers.
(1) Are we the humans an advanced animal breed, or something completely different?
We the humans are not an advanced animal breed since we differ from the animals in the following fundamental way: animals are fighting for survival within the timeframe of their physical lives – we are looking for the reason for our existence.
(2) What is the reason for our existence we have discovered?
We exist not just for mere physical survival – we exist for doing creative work for the eternity (architects, engineers, scientists, artists, composers, etc.).
(3) How have we discovered the reason for our existence and that we are not animals but something completely different?
The reason for our existence was given to us in the Torah/Bible on Mount Sinai from the Creator/God. We discovered the reason for our existence by doing spiritual and material sciences – we have been doing sciences from the times immemorial. We had started our sciences with spiritual sciences in our religious institutions – synagogues (about thirty three centuries ago), churches/monasteries (about twenties centuries ago), mosques (about twelve centuries ago) – based on theories, imagination, hypotheses without being able to support all that by material evidence, just by using out spiritual sensors (still indefinable soul and now definable brain). Much-much later, probably about five centuries ago, when we had begun creating material sensors, we had added to spiritual sciences material sciences which are able to confirm some of our spiritual theories and hypotheses by material sensors.
(4) How do we know that Mount Sinai, God, Torah/Bible are not our human fantasies but something what is (might be) real even without any material evidence?
We the humans know we are a sort of supreme power over what are under our control (our children, our businesses, our students, our experimental facilities and animals, our real estate …). If it is so, we have to accept the possibility of us under control of a supreme power above us which is traditionally called the Creator/God. We know that our world had been created somehow at the Beginning. We may disagree on the name of the Beginning (Big Bang, Six Days of Creation, etc.) but we agree on the existence of the Beginning and we continue to search for its essence. We may disagree on the name of the Creator (God, Adonai, Nature, Cosmos, Big Bang, etc.) but we agree on its existence.
(5) How are we defining what we are supposed to create collectively and individually?
Answer: We are defining what we are supposed to create collectively and individually by doing spiritual and material sciences: spiritual sciences are trying to define what should be created, and material sciences define the practical methods of creation.
(6) How our religious institutions commonly called Religion and the Creator/God relate to each other?
We the humans live in two worlds – in the world of the Creator, commonly called God, and in the world of Religion. Those two worlds are different. The world of the Creator was created by the Creator itself (himself) and is governed by the Creator’s’s unwritten laws (the laws of nature), which are being discovered and studied by Science – one of the best examples of such discoveries is the Darwin’s evolution theory. The world of Religion is made by us the humans and is governed by our human religious authorities. In the world of the Creator, all people are judged by their efforts to continue the Creator’s creative work in building a better world for everybody along the lines of individual interpretation of God’s unwritten commandments. In the world of Religion, all people are judged by their obedience to prayers and rituals which are considered to be obedience to the Creator/God. The world of Religion splits people into spiritually competing, sometimes violently, groups while the world of Science and God unites people.
(7) If Religion splits people, do we need many competing religious denominations within Judaism, Christianity and Islam?
Yes, we need them – in spite of their sometimes violent conflicts – since they are scientifically competing institutions for discovering the reason for our human existence in the constantly changing world.
(8) May we consider the Bible as the first fundamental discovery of what to create and how to create?
Yes, since one of Bible’s traits is the first known description of how the world was created and what is the role of humans in this world.
(9) Why the Bible is misunderstood or even rejected by many?
The Bible is rejected by those who want to have their own bibles on what to create and how to create – among them all the famous dictators of the world and even some scientists for whom the science is the established order of conducting scientific work and not a spiritual pursuit of discovery.
(10) Why not everybody in Religion recognizes Religion in harmony with Science?
Those in Religion who perceive Religion as a way for discovering God recognize Religion in harmony with Science; those in Religion for whom spiritual power over people’s mind is the prime goal are fearful that such harmony may complicate their fight for spiritual power over people’s mind.
(11) Why not everybody in Science recognizes Science in harmony with Religion?
Those in Science who perceive Science as a way for discovering the natural world and its laws created by something or somebody called the Creator/God recognize Science in harmony with Religion. In Science there are two categories of scientists rejecting “Science in harmony with God”. In one category we find scientists for whom scientific power over people’s mind is the prime goal and they are fearful that such harmony may complicate their fight for the position of a supreme scientific power. In the other category we find scientists who see in the humans only what they see in the animals – bones, flash, genes, chemical elements, etc. – they are not able to realize that the humans are a sort of animal bodies transformed to something principally different by the yet undetectable soul.
(12) What is the source of major disagreements between material sciences (“traditional” Science) and spiritual sciences (“traditional” Religion)?
The source of major disagreements is different definitions of science, evidence and scientific method.
Material sciences define science, evidence and scientific method in the following way:
- The area of scientific involvement is only what we can detect by existing material sensors – in other words, the real world is the only detectable world “now”.
- The evidence is only what can be detected by material sensors – the theories and hypotheses not supported by existing material sensors should not be taken seriously and therefore scientific sciences are just fantasies called beliefs.
- The scientific method is only what a group of authoritative scientists tell us it is – whatever is being done by any other method should not be considered the true science.
Spiritual sciences define all that differently:
- The area of scientific involvement is everything what may help us in discovery the reason for our existence and what we are supposed to do in this life – any theories, hypotheses and even “fantasies” should be researched until they are scientifically proven to be “fantasies”.
- The evidence is not only what can be detected by material sensors – the evidence is as well the beliefs of the people who are discovering on their own the reason for their existence though their yet undefined souls.
- The scientific method is not only what a group of authoritative scientists tell us it is – whatever can bring us closer to the reason for our human existence and to practical means for transforming the reason into the reality should be welcome.
A question in the discussion:
Why, in order to understand the nature’s laws which scientists are trying to discover, the scientists have to know the source of those laws?
Why? Would you agree with just a scientific curiosity? If not, here is something more serious. If a law under investigation is made by something (or somebody) “above us”, we cannot change the law – we have to study it and obey. However, if a low under investigation made by one of us the humans, the law can be changed if necessary.
Here is one of many Albert Einstein’s thoughts on God presented in the discussion:
“I cannot conceive of a personal God who would directly influence the actions of individuals, or would directly sit in judgment on creatures of his own creation. I cannot do this in spite of the fact that mechanistic causality has, to a certain extent, been placed in doubt by modern science. [He was speaking of Quantum Mechanics and the breaking down of determinism.] My religiosity consists in a humble admiration of the infinitely superior spirit that reveals itself in the little that we, with our weak and transitory understanding, can comprehend of reality. Morality is of the highest importance — but for us, not for God.”
Here are the thoughts on God of Max Planck, Nobel Laureate in Physics, presented in the discussion:
“Both religion and science need for their activities the belief in God, and moreover God stands for the former in the beginning, and for the latter at the end of the whole thinking. For the former, God represents the basis, for the latter – the crown of any reasoning concerning the world-view.”
“Religion represents a bond of man to God. It consists in reverent awe before a supernatural Might [Macht], to which human life is subordinated and which has in its power our welfare and misery. To remain in permanent contact with this Might and keep it all the time inclined to oneself, is the unending effort and the highest goal of the believing man. Because only in such a way can one feel himself safe before expected and unexpected dangers, which threaten one in his life, and can take part in the highest happiness – inner psychical peace – which can be attained only by means of strong bond to God and unconditional trust to His omnipotence and willingness to help.”
Here are the thoughts on God of Walter Kohn, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, presented in the discussion:
“I am Jewish and have a strong identification with Judaism.
I would say I see myself as religious simultaneously in two ways. One is that I have found that religion, specifically the Jewish religion, has very much enriched my own life and is something that I have conveyed to my children and feel their lives also have been enriched by.
Secondly, I am very much of a scientist, and so I naturally have thought about religion also through the eyes of a scientist. When I do that, I see religion not denominationally, but in a more, let us say, deistic sense. I have been influenced in my thinking by the writings of Einstein who has made remarks to the effect that when he contemplated the world he sensed an underlying Force much greater than any human force. I feel very much the same. There is a sense of awe, a sense of reverence, and a sense of great mystery.”
There are essential parts of the human experience about which science intrinsically has nothing to say. I associate them with an entity which I call God.”
These videos are for close friends and family and shows Vladimir and others toasting at 81st birthday of Inessa Minkov on 15 of May 2013.
Science may not be in harmony with Religion but it is in harmony with God. It is so because Science discovers the laws of Nature created by something or somebody above us, the humans, called God while Religion was created by us, the humans, with the purpose of subjugating the humans to the will of human gods among us.
I know many may rebel against this statement. However, before doing this please consider the following line of scientific logic.
- Science knows our world had been created somehow at the Beginning. We may disagree on the name of the Beginning (Big Bang, Six Days of Creation, etc.) but we agree on the existence of the Beginning and we continue to search for its essence. We may disagree on the name of the Creator (God, Adonai, Nature, Cosmos, Big Bang, etc.) but we agree on its (his) existence.
- We the humans live in two worlds – in the world of the Creator, commonly called God, and in the world of Religion. Those two worlds are different.
- The world of God was created by God itself (himself) and is governed by the God’s unwritten laws, which are being discovered and studied by Science – one of the best examples of such discoveries is the Darwin’s evolution theory.
- The world of Religion is made by us the humans and is governed by our human religious authorities.
- In the world of God, all people are judged by their efforts to continue the God’s creative work in building a better world for everybody along the lines of individual interpretation of God’s unwritten commandments.
- In the world of Religion, all people are judged by their obedience to prayers and rituals which are considered to be obedience to God.
- The world of Religion split people into spiritually competing, sometimes violently, groups while the world of Science and God unites people.
I presented this line of scientific logic at one scientific forum. As it should be, some at the forum agree have agreed with this statement; some disagreed.
Below is a sample of disagreeing opinions.
Vladimir, your entire post is not science. It’s nothing but emotional, religious drivel. Religious is cultural, not factual.
My response to Opinion #1:
I have to disagree with you.
In order to understand the nature’s laws which scientists are trying to discover they have to know the source of those laws. And because this source is above us the humans it cannot be defined in full only by facts. And because it cannot be defined only by facts, it is emotional by definition.
This is nonsense. Before you can posit harmony, you must first demonstrate that a god exists, and further demonstrate the properties of said god such that an examination can be made of whether or not such properties are in harmony with science. It can be shown that all of this is impossible.
My response to Opinion #2:
You responded emotionally and probably without trying to understand my post. Let me rephrase some points in the post.
(1) God is a governing authority above us the humans in the universe. It could be Nature, Cosmos, Big Bang, etc., and most of scientists agree with this authority. The image of God as an almighty human being is one of the God’s images explored by religious authorities. The name of this authority is not that important if we understand what we are talking about.
(2) If you are familiar with the science of management you would know that a level of management above you cannot be understood in full through experiments – you may only create your own personal interpretation of what is going on “upstairs” based on the information what is coming to you from there.
(To be continued)
God, Religion, Jews and Christians – what is common in all that from Jewish intellectual perspective? Part 3 – The world of Religion
Thus after about two and a half millennium of building a better world, God decided to enhance the process of defining the Good and the Evil in the course of building a better world. God decided to enhance this process by selecting a small group of humans and assign to them a special mission of being the Chosen with a sole task of the Chosen to help the others in learning the God’s guidance on building a better world for everybody.
And that was the beginning of the world of Religion – a human world with Judaism as religion for the Jewish people and Christianity as the religion for the Gentiles with all love-hate relationships. (Although there are many other religions in the world of Religion the topic of this article is the Judeo-Christian relationship only.)
Here is what happened after this God’s decision.
- In the course of about 400 years – From Abraham through the Egypt slavery and the Sinai desert to the Mount Sinai – God prepared one, selected by Him, human tribe for the mission of the Chosen. This tribe is known in the history as the Jewish people.
- On the Mount Sinai through Moses God delivered His instructions on how to build a better world for all His humans. Those instructions were codified in the Torah and were intended for all His humans – to be delivered to all the humans through the Jewish people. It didn’t mean only through the Jewish people. If somebody among the non-Jews is able to get the instructions directly from God, God would appreciate it. If somebody needs help in understanding the God’s instructions, the Jewish people have to provide the help.
- At this point in history the world of Religion had begun to shape – to shape by the humans, not by God. And the HUMAN world of Religion has to deal with the following fundamental challenge imposed on us the humans in the Torah:
We the humans think and speak not the God’s way – how to translate the guidance of the Torah into an understandable human language? Read the rest of this entry
God, Religion, Jews and Christians – what is common in all that from Jewish Intellectual perspective. Part 2 – the World of God.
The world of God had been created by God Himself in the Torah-described Six Days of Creation with Adam and Eve as the first humans. There was no Religion that time – no Jews, no Christians, no other religionists. All people who were descendants of Adam and Eve were as we would say these days non-religious; all of them were the people of One God.
The people of One God were doing what One God had created them for – they were creating, they were building a better world for all. They were building a better world without Torah and Talmud, without instructions of prophets and sages.
How do I know all that?
It’s simple: God’s instructions are coming to people directly from God to the people’s souls through, as scientists may say these days, the invisible spiritual (energy) field and genetic recombination. The God’s instructions are not coming through any human-written materials – God doesn’t think in a human way and doesn’t write as the humans do. Naturally, since the spiritual (energy) field and genetic recombination are subject to God’s laws of probability, various people interpret the God’s instructions in a different way within the allowed by God boundaries.
Why do I believe that the humans from the very beginning were building a better world in spite of the absence of any written material with the commandment to do so? Just because I know God created the humans in his own image and likeness – the image and likeness of Creator. Read the rest of this entry
God, Religion, Jews and Christians – what is common in all that from Jewish Intellectual Perspective?
Part 1 – Introduction
This discussion is intended to provide the thoughts for contemporary intellectual interpretation of the Torah for Jews and Gentiles – not the traditional interpretations by the religious authorities.
The following points are proposed for discussion:
- We the humans live in two worlds – in the world of God and in the world of Religion. Those two worlds are different – the world of God was created by God Himself and is governed by the God’s unwritten laws while the world of Religion is made by us the humans and is governed by our human’s mostly written laws.
- In the world of God, all people are judged by their efforts to continue the God’s creative work in building a better world for everybody along the lines of individual interpretation of God’s unwritten commandments that an individual human receives directly from God.
- To better understand the God’s commandments on building a better world for everybody we the humans created the world of Religion.
- In the world of Religion, all people are split into communities with similar interpretation (understanding) of the God’s commandments. In this world of Religion the people create the unique-for-every-community prayers and rituals aimed at getting spiritually closer to God and obtaining a clearer guidance on building a better world. All religious communities are spiritually different and therefore all prayers and rituals are different.
- The communal prayers and rituals were supposed to be a preparatory step to the real actions in building a better world along the lines of the better understood God’s commandments. However, it didn’t go this way. Many religious communities made the prayers and rituals the paramount life goal – the people in those communities are judged by their adherence to the collective prayers and rituals, not by their efforts in building a better world.
- The Jewish people were split into many spiritually fighting groups as well. Some of them interpreted the Torah commandments as the building of a better world together with and for everybody; some of them interpreted the Torah commandments as preserving their faith in a spiritual isolation.
- Two millenniums ago one of those Jewish groups, which believed in building a better world for everybody with everybody, created the foundation of Christianity.
And at this point in history the rift between the Jews and the Christians began in spite of their common spiritual foundation which encourages the building of a better world for everybody along the lines of the One-God commandments.
(To be continued)
The Big Government is an EVIL since it enslaves us spiritually, and sometimes even physically. God led us from Slavery of the Pharaoh’s ancient Egypt to be Free People – the Big Government is leading us back to Slavery.
One of the most divisive questions in preserving Jewish Unity is how we have to treat a government – as a GOOD or as an EVIL. And this is not an empty rhetorical question – one of the most important stories of the Torah is our escape from slavery of the Pharaoh-Government in ancient Egypt.
This paper provides my answer to this question – my interpretation of the Torah commandments.
The Big Government is an Evil while a small government is a mandatory part of a package of Good we should accept and live with.
How to distinguish between the Big Government and a small one? Read the rest of this entry
Yes, there is True Judaism and there is Pagan Judaism. And Pagan Judaism may exist in any of the current denominations of Judaism – orthodox, conservative, reform, or humanistic.
How could it be if all Jews either believe in One God or are skeptical about the existence of God of any kind? The answer to this question could be found in Jewish history.
- The Jewish people left the ancient Egypt about 3300 years ago to escape the slavery and to begin the new life in the freedom. The definition of the freedom was defined as the life under a set of moral rules from a Supreme Power above us called One God – the same God for everybody, instead of the life under a set of rules imposed on them by a human god called Pharaoh.
- In Egypt, the Jewish people were still pagan in spite of the fact they were members of the Abraham’s tribe – the prophet Abraham who found One God and promised worshiping Him. However worshiping one god doesn’t mean the end of paganism. If somebody select one god of many available for worshiping – because this god is promising a better “deal” (better “goodies” for less sacrifices) – that doesn’t end the pagan life. The end of the pagan life requires the change of the life’s moral principles – a painful transition from the pagan moral rules to the completely different moral rules of One God.
- The set of new moral rules from One God was received at Mount Sinai through Moses, and this set was called the Torah. Those moral rules were indeed different.
- The old pagan moral rules were simple: you have to bribe your god by various “sacrifices” and your god will deliver the “goodies” to you by securing your military victories over your enemies: in the pagan world, there was only one way to secure all material means for survival and this way was to kill your neighbor-enemy and take all his material possessions for yourself. In contemporary terminology it is called the redistribution of wealth. The pagan moral rules assumed no personal responsibility – you bribe god and god delivers.
- The new moral rules of the Torah were completely different. The Torah’s moral rules compel you to continue the God’s creative work in our world aimed at increasing the amount of all material “goodies” in the world for the benefit of all people – not just for the benefit of military conquerors. The goal of traditional sacrifices was changed – now a sacrifice is not a bribe but rather an enhancement for better understanding of the God’s rules. The goal of human life was changed – not just to survive but to create, to continue the creative work of One God which was began by Six Days of Creation. The human creative work has to be conducted in all spheres of human life and activities and everybody have to have equal opportunities to realize their creative potentials and to benefit – spiritually and materially – from own creative work. If you capable to work you should benefit from your own work and not from expropriating the material wealth produced by other human creators. You have to become personally responsible for your own life, and the life of your family, community and people. The handicapped and elderly have to be helped but through individual charity/mitzvoth – not through government redistribution of wealth.
- Not everybody was able to make a transition from the pagan rules of bribing a god and personal irresponsibility to the Torah’s rules of serving God and personal responsibility. Those people who are not making the transition are spiritual slaves – they are still in the slavery of the proverbial Egypt – not in physical but in spiritual slavery. They are not participating in the God’s creative work and therefore they are not serving the One God the Creator. They are performing rituals in their homes and synagogues and therefore are pagans and spiritual slaves. And you may find such pagan worshipers in all denominations of Judaism.
In order to find out what kind of Judaism a synagogue practices a few simple questions should be asked:
- What is your definition of the mission of Jewish people as the Chosen one?
- What are you trying to define in the course of your Torah studies?
- How you’re defining the separation of the Church and the State?
- Do you believe in the existence of Judeo-Christian spirituality as the moral foundation of our country, the USA?
A synagogue is practicing the True Judaism if the answers to the questions above are:
1) The mission of the Jewish people as the Chosen one is to be God’s partners in everlasting creative work which began with the Six Days of Creation, with the purpose of making our world a better place for everybody as it’s prescribed by Torah
2) In the course of studying the Torah the definition of the better world for everybody and the actions on how to build it are being searched
3) Although no religious denomination may become an official spiritual voice for the government, the moral prescripts of Torah have to be guiding concepts in the government’s legislative work.
4) The Judeo-Christian spirituality is the moral foundation of our country and the Jews have an obligation to work together with the Christians in building a better world for everybody.
A synagogue is practicing the Pagan Judaism if the answers to the questions above are:
1) The mission of the Jewish people as the Chosen one is to be performing religious rituals, celebrations and services at synagogues in spiritual isolation from the entire world
2) In the course of studying the Torah the definition of better religious rituals and their history is being searched
3) No religious denomination may become an official spiritual voice for the government and the government’s legislative work has to be guided by a human atheistic ideology – not by the moral Torah prescripts as the foundation of a Judeo-Christian society
4) We the Jews and they the Christians have nothing in common – we the Jews have only one wish that they live us alone.
And here is an opinion of orthodox rabbi Eugene Korn that is essence supports my thoughts presented in this post. Read the rest of this entry
Assimilation of the Jews is not promoted by those who try to comprehend the concepts of the Torah for the Jews’ life in the Most High’s wide world by an intellectual interpretation of the Torah.
Mostly, the adherents of the traditional interpretation of the Torah, who attempt to hold the Jews in spiritual isolation from all the Most High’s wide world, promote assimilation of Jews, sticking labels on all who leave spiritual isolation for the Most High’s wide world of the type, “he is a missionary,” “he is a Christian,” “he dared to have an opinion that contradicts the opinion by all the esteemed rabbis,” and the like.
Let us begin with the statistics. Read the rest of this entry
Русская мысль оценивает все социально политические события в духе классовой борьбы и передела мира между слабыми и сильными. Естественно, надо быть в группе сильных, а для этого надо иметь всемогущее, какого-то рода диктаторское правительство, создающее мощное государство. В таком государстве все люди перестают быть свободными индивидуумами, живущими по своей интерпретации их миссии в этом мире, а становятся духовными, а иногда и физическими рабами мощного государства. Мощные государства не вечны: став мощными, они «жиреет», перестает производить и защищаться, и становиться жертвой другой группы, ставшей более сильной.
Настоящая еврейская мысль оценивает все социально-экономические события с точки зрения соответствия этих событий требованиям Десяти Заповедей, кодифицированных в Торе и Библии, то есть с точки зрения построения лучшего мира для всех здесь живущих.
Феноменом русской мысли грешат большинство талантливых и почитаемых русскоязычных авторов, которые анализируют социально-политические события в США и в Израиле. Сюда входят и те, кто называют себя атеистами и не верят в наличие особой еврейской духовности, то есть в наличие особых правил жизни, данных нам Всевышним и закодированных в Десяти Заповедях и во всей Торе. И сюда же, как это звучит ни странно, входят и многие из тех, кто называют себя религиозными.
Атеисты поступают так, потому что они не признают того, что есть над нами власть выше нас, которая управляет нами по каким-то духовным (моральным) и материальным законам, которые мы не в силах изменить.
Квази-религиозные оценивают социально политические события по существу таким же образом – не потому, что они не верят в наличие Всевышней Силы над нами и в Ее законы, которые мы изменить не в состоянии. Они оценивают социально-политические так, потому что они не знают, как применить еврейскую духовность для оценки социально-политических событий во внешнем мире за пределами их религиозной изоляции.
Я покажу это на примерах горячо дебатируемых в настоящее время вопросов (1) будущего США по результатам последних выборов, (2) возможного изменения внутренней и внешней политики Израиля по результатам последних выборов, и (3) целесообразности легального нахождения оружия в руках простого населения. Read the rest of this entry
Yes, the Western civilization is losing its Judeo-Christian roots and doesn’t defend them anymore from hostile attacks of foreign ideologies. And this retreat now is being led “from behind” by Barak Obama. The following analysis from a trustworthy “Spiegel” of Germany details this situation.
Global Leadership Vacuum: Europe Incapable, America Unwilling
An Analysis By Gregor Peter Schmitz in Munich
February 1, 2013
US Vice President Joe Biden is visiting Germany this week in an effort to strengthen trans-Atlantic ties. Global politics have come to a standstill in recent years, with the United States unwilling to show leadership and Europe and other major powers unable to fill the vacuum. Read the rest of this entry
That’s true – the economic decline of the USA is rooted in our spiritual decline. And our spiritual decline is evident from the facts described in my paper “How One Must Understand the Separation of the Church from the State – both According to the U.S. Constitution and According to the Torah” at http://intellectual0judaism0really.wordpress.com/2013/01/02/how-one-must-understand-the-separation-of-the-church-from-the-state-both-according-to-the-u-s-constitution-and-according-to-the-torah/
The paper describes how the separation should be understood and how this question is deliberately twisted by political and religious leaders. The follow-up discussion of the paper clearly showed an undeniable connection between the distorted understanding of the separation issue with the spiritual decline and a strong bond between the spiritual and economic deterioration.
Here are most interesting parts of the follow-up discussion. The thoughts of my opponents who, in my opinion, defended the twisted interpretation of the constitutional state-church separation are labeled by ‘X’ and presented in italics; my thoughts in defense of the correct, again in my opinion, constitutional state-church separation are labeled by ‘VM’. Read the rest of this entry
We, the Jews, have accused everyone for not preventing the Holocaust:
the peoples of Germany who allowed the Nazis to come to power;
the countries of Europe who allowed themselves to be run by the Nazis;
the United States who didn’t destroy the railroad lines to the extermination camps by bombing them and who did not accept the Jewish refugees from the Nazi Germany;
the Pope who didn’t stand up for the Jews publicly;
and many others.
And we have rightly blamed all of them.
But we are afraid to acknowledge publicly that we might have been able to do much more ourselves in preventing the Holocaust, but we didn’t. Such an acknowledgement is very important now to figure out what we, the Jews, can do now in preventing new holocausts. Read the rest of this entry
How One Must Understand the Separation of the Church from the State – both According to the U.S. Constitution and According to the Torah
How this question is deliberately twisted by political and religious leaders.
Let us begin with two official documents where the question of the relationship of church and state is examined.
From the American Declaration of Independence adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776:
We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by the Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
The First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, ratified on December 15, 1791:
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. Read the rest of this entry
The struggle of the true Jew with the heathen in the Jewish nation began from the moment of our receipt of the Torah on Mt. Sinai, from the moment of the formation of the Jewish religion, and it continues to our time.
Heathenism has been preserved into our time not only just in the wild tribes of Africa. Heathenism’s essence consists not of any kind of African tribal rituals. Heathenism’s essence consists in the belief that a multitude of gods exist who are all-powerful in any kind of specific area of our numerous desires.
If my life’s goal is only sex, I enter into an agreement with the god of sex – I carry out all his instructions, and he guarantees me unlimited sex.
If my life’s goal is only military victories, I enter into an agreement with the god of war – I carry out all his instructions, and he guarantees me unlimited military victories.
If my life’s goal is not to be responsible for all the deeds done by me myself, I enter into an agreement with the god of Marxism – I carry out all his instructions, and he gives me instructions about every aspect of my life, removing from me the responsibility for everything that happens.
If my life’s goal is to do everything that comes into my head without any limitations, I enter into an agreement with the god of Liberalism – I carry out all his instructions, and he protects me from all the attacks of people who are dissatisfied with my actions.
And so forth.
That is the sense of the many gods of heathenism. And not only can the people of a wild African tribe be affected by such heathenism, but also people of elevated Western intellectualism.
And in that is the fundamental distinction of heathenism from monotheism – monotheism demands compliance with a single morality and integrated laws for creation regardless whether you like it or not. Read the rest of this entry
I have written many papers on the Ten Commandments and the Torah in general as the mutual spiritual foundation of Judaism and Christianity. And I pointed out that we the Jews shall consider the Christianity as a result of our “Chosen mission” efforts aimed at helping non-Jews to understand the Torah and live in accordance with Torah Commandments – not in accordance with the religious rules of Judaism that we the Jews had developed but in accordance with the religious rules of Christianity that have the same Torah-based spiritual foundation.
I found references to some rabbis currently supporting the idea of mutual Judeo-Christian spirituality. And finally, here is a reference to one of the great rabbis of the past – a rabbi from the great rabbinical dynasty of Soloveichiks who supported the same idea of Judeo-Christian spiritual unity. Read the rest of this entry
В моих разговорах с русскоговорящими американцами или израильтянами (это могут быть и евреи, и неевреи) я часто их спрашиваю о том, как приобщаются они к американской или израильской культурам, которые отражают американскую или израильскую нравственность.
И в ответ я слышу – мы люди русской культуры.
Тогда я спрашиваю – а что это такое русская культура? Read the rest of this entry
On November 16, 2012, I posted in this blog an article entitled “The Satanic New World Order of Obama” – http://intellectual0judaism0really.wordpress.com/2012/11/17/the-satanic-new-world-order-of-obama/
The article provided my assessment of the Obama’s world vision and of his work on implementation of his vision. The article made the following major points:
- Obama is an extremely gifted and determined leader. The hated-by-many outcomes of his policies are precisely what he is trying to achieve – not the result of his poor and inexperienced leadership.
- What he is trying to achieve is a new world order where an UN-based world authoritarian government will impose on all countries, all peoples and all individuals a sort of Islamo-Marxist “social justice”.
- In accordance with this “social justice”, a UN-based world authoritarian government will forcefully take the wealth accumulated by prosperous countries, peoples and individuals and redistribute it to poor countries, peoples and individuals, with all available tools of forceful redistribution – world-wide mandatory laws in all areas of wealth creation – the laws in social, labor, health, environment, immigration, education areas.
- Since the Obama’s new world order is based on the anti-Judeo-Christian principles, it deserves to be counted in the satanic class of events.
- There are major obstacles on the road to implementation of the Obama’s Islamo-Marxist world-wide “social justice”. They, as described in the article, are:
- The spiritual power of Judeo-Christian moral principles. One has to denigrate the Judeo-Christian spirituality and its moral codification in the Ten Commandments as something too extreme and outdated and not suitable for governing a contemporary nation and the entire world. To do this you have to begin with denigration of the originators of this spirituality, the Jewish people and their spiritual heart, the state of Israel.
- The spiritual unity of the people which encourages looking for a common ground for peaceful coexistence. One has to split a nation and the world into numerous feuding factions that would be unable or unwilling to find a compromise for peaceful coexistence. One would have to present himself as a savior to the dissatisfied who would lead them to defeat all other groups in that society.
- The inequality of material wellbeing between so-called rich and so-called poor. Somebody in power should confiscate the assets of society’s wealthy groups and redistribute this wealth among underprivileged groups – for now, these underprivileged groups would be satisfied and give their leader unconditional support.
- The constitutional separation of powers preventing an establishment of authoritative government. Somebody would have to establish a dictatorial government to preserve and reinforce one’s power as a human god over the citizens/slaves of society. That is the end – a satanic new world order is established.
The past-month advances in moving toward the new world order of Obama are impressive and they are described below in the words of many publications of the month.
(1) Obama covertly encourages EU leaders to present the Israel’s decision on building new homes in Jerusalem as something foreign to the goal of the Middle-East peace. It looks like Obama is trying to delegalize the state of Jerusalem as the eternal spiritual capital of the Jewish people and the physical capital of the state of Israel. Read the rest of this entry
One can single out the two groups of Jews in Judaism who worry about the future of the Jewish people.
The first group is the Jews of the traditional interpretation of the Torah. They firmly believe that their understanding of the essence of the Jewish existence is uniquely correct and unshakeable because it is based on the experience of Jewish people through the millennia. Everything that lies beyond the scope of their understanding of the “correct” in any kind of publication causes their immovable or agitated reaction. The result of such a reaction is the following ideas in the press: it is the expression of a heretic, such-and-so a rabbi long ago already refuted it, it contradicts such-and-so a tradition, aha – he is a reformist, he does not believe in the holiness of the oral Torah, he simply is uneducated about Judaism, and so forth.
The second group is the Jews of the intellectual interpretation of the Torah. They firmly believe that their comprehension of the essence of Jewish existence cannot be uniquely correct, because life is complex and changes constantly, because God is even more complex and the comprehension of Him cannot be confined only to one. If they see in some kind of publication something that lies outside the scope of their understanding of “correct,” they are happy for it: they see that the interpretation of the Jewish essence, afforded by the first group, does not make it possible to understand modern life, and they hope that the new things appearing in the interpretation will allow them to embrace modern life better while remaining 100 percent Jewish. Read the rest of this entry
Существует два мира – мир Всевышнего и мир религии, и мы уходим из мира Всевышнего, когда замыкаемся в мире религии
Мир Всевышнего это реальный физический и духовный мир, в котором мы живем. Этот мир создан не нами. Он создан кем-то или чем-то выше нас. Кто-то или что-то выше нас создало физические и нравственные законы этого мира.
Мы определяем суть этого кто-то или что-то по-разному. Одни из нас, которые считаются религиозными, приписывают этому кто-то или что-то качества всемогущего человека, который зовется Богом. Другие, которые считают себя нерелигиозными, называют это кто-то или что-то Природой. Но как бы мы не называли это кто-то или что-то над нами, мы все понимаем, что оно существует. И оно существует вместе с созданными им физическими и нравственными законами.
Эти законы позволяют нам воздействовать на наш мир в каких-то заданных пределах. И наше воздействие делает этот мир лучше или хуже. Всевышний (Природа) позволяет нам делать и то, и другое – и нести личную ответственность и за то, и за другое.
Так вот для того, чтобы определить, что такое лучше и что такое хуже, мы – «человеки» – создали мир религии. Мы создали мир религии не для того, чтобы изолировать там себя от мира Всевышнего, а для того, чтобы понять, что такое ДОБРО и что такое ЗЛО в мире Всевышнего. И поняв это, выйти в мир Всевышнего и начать воздействовать на него в направлении ДОБРА. В этом самое существенное предназначение мира религии. Read the rest of this entry
“What? A new world order organized according to the satanic values of Obama? How dare you think that way! Don’t you understand that Obama is trying to bring the USA back to normalcy after the devastation that Bush caused? Obamaism. – Stop inventing new “ism”s. We cannot handle the existing ones”!
That’s the first reaction of many to this title. So let me address this.
By definition, “Satanic” means something that is the opposite of the Judeo-Christian code of morality. Even if Satan and satanic things belong to the realm of mythology, the use of this mythology is a useful analogy in any discussion of the realms where the spiritual and the material are interconnected.
Judeo-Christian spirituality is rooted in the Ten Commandments and the Torah (Old Testament) and detailed in the Talmud and New Testament. Judeo-Christian spirituality has guided the development of political, social and economic institutions throughout the history of Western Civilization. Judeo-Christian spirituality is the guiding light for most citizens of Western Civilization – Jews and Christians, religious and non-religious, atheists and agnostics, church-goers and church haters, people in power and out of power. Read the rest of this entry
Why Romney Lost and therefore the moral and economic degradation of the USA will continue
Below is an article with the title “Why Romney Lost” on why the Republicans lost in the bid for the presidential seat. Although I fully agree with the article it omitted a few very important reasons of Republicans’ defeat. Here are those reasons.
- Obama promised to work on creating the fair society – you remember his slogans like “social justice”, “fair share”, “fair redistribution of wealth”, etc. And Romney failed to demonstrate that Obama’s social justice is a sort of Marxist justice with a Muslim Sharia flavor. He failed to demonstrate that such social justice is incompatible with the Judeo-Christian spiritual foundation of our country.
- Americans are very much supportive of a social-justice system – however, we haven’t heard anything about Romney-style social justice. Romney suggested only “employment opportunities”. When “employment opportunities” clashed with “social justice”, the “social justice” won.
- Romney, and the Republican Party elite, failed to make a point that a true social justice can be created only on Judeo-Christian moral principles that require helping those who cannot help themselves through individual charity/mitzvah – not through a Marxist government’s redistribution of wealth.
Why Romney lost
NOVEMBER 7, 2012 BY FLOYD AND MARY BETH BROWN
Dick Morris, Michael Barone, and Karl Rove all got it wrong. They thought Romney would win. Let us tell you why we never thought Obama would lose. Read the rest of this entry
Духовные евреи видят корни антисемитизма в нежелании языческого мира принять нравственность Десяти Заповедей (нравственность Торы), к чему призывает весь образ жизни евреев, в то время как языческие евреи объясняют причины антисемитизма языческо-марксистскими концепциями перераспределения богатств.
Недавно я обсуждал этот вопрос с одним моим приятелем. Он великолепно знает еврейскую историю, считает себя религиозным евреем, посещает хабадскую ортодоксальную синагогу. Он нормальный современный ортодоксальный еврей, который считает, что интерпретация Торы ортодоксальными евреями единственно правильная, что предписания Талмуда должны выполняться, но реальная жизнь часто не дает этого делать. Read the rest of this entry
Почти все страны мира хотят видеть Обаму избранным на следующий президентский срок, но не большинство народа в его собственной стране. Почему?
Я отвечаю на этот вопрос – почему почти все страны мира поддерживают президентство Обамы, но не большинство его собственного народа, в англоязычной статье, приведенной дальше.
И ответ на этот вопрос прост – Президент США Обама помогает другим странам мира в продвижении духовных и стратегических интересов этих других стран в ущерб духовным и стратегическим интересам самих США. Почему? А потому, что Обама считает, что большинство бед нашего мира связано с доминирующей политикой США в нашем мире – США не дают другим странам доминировать в мире.
Иными словами, Обама считает, что иудейско-христианские принципы человеческого существования, лежащие в основе нравственности нашей страны и корнями уходящие в Десять Заповедей, никак не лучше, чем мусульманская нравственность по Корану и Шариату, чем коммунистическая нравственность по Марксу, чем нынешняя российская языческая нравственность по Путину, чем нынешняя европейская нравственность перераспределения богатств, чем нравственность Мусульманского братства, и т.п.
И в исполнении своей миссии ликвидации ведущей роли США в нашем мире Обама оказался превосходным лидером – он достигает того, чего не смогли сделать ни Сталин, ни Гитлер, ни Мао, ни Кастро, ни Ахмадинджад…
Еще четыре года – и миссия будет закончена…
Поэтому президентские выборы этого года являются судьбоносными и для нашей страны, и для Израиля, и для всего мира.
People of almost all countries but the USA want Obama to be reelected for the next four years – why?
People of almost all countries but the USA want Obama to be reelected for the next four years – why?
People of almost all countries but the USA want Obama to be reelected for the next four years. This is the result of an international public opinion poll as described in the article below. Read the rest of this entry
Да, это так. Обама разрушает нашу традиционную иудейско-христианскую мораль, заменяет ее моралью языческой, и тем самым восстанавливает детей против родителей.
Как это делается? Просто. Обама ускоряет до предела изменение системы образования в нашей стране. Read the rest of this entry
Как же все-таки разобраться в том, что Израиль делает правильно, и что неправильно? Количество статей в англо- и русскоязычной прессе с критикой правительства Израиля и его премьер-министра Нетаньяху увеличивается с каждым днем. Все ругают правительство Израиля и обвиняют Нетаньяху во всех возможных политических грехах. Но в большинстве случаев эти мнения-поругивания основаны не на фактах реальной политики, а на эмоциях или религиозных постулатах. Но правительство Израиля должно действовать не на основе эмоций населения или на основе какой-то одной из многих часто конфликтующих интерпретаций Торы, а на основе существующих конкретных реальных угроз существованию самого государства. Read the rest of this entry
Each country has her own definition of what is GOOD and what is EVIL and this definition is unique and makes the country and the people of this country unique. Each country is strengthening the GOOD and constraining the EVIL in domestic and international affairs.
Politics is a tool for creating government and public forces capable and aimed at strengthening the GOOD and fighting the EVIL.
So what is the moral foundation for defining the GOOD and the EVIL in our country? Read the rest of this entry
A Yom Kippur pledge “to always examine what is forbidden by tradition to examine” is what Chief Rabbi of Great Britain Lord Sacks believes every Jew should pledge on Yom Kippur. And that’s precisely what I am examining in most of my papers.
Below is an article by Rabbi Sacks with my emphasis in italics. Read the rest of this entry
Обещание на Йом Киппур: всегда подвергать сомнению установившиеся нормы
Эта то обещание, которое – по мнению ортодоксального раввина Сакса – каждый еврей должен дать на Йом Киппур. И Раввин Сакс обосновывает это в нижеприведенной статье на английском языке, обосновывая это ссылками на авторитеты Торы. Поскольку это то, что я постоянно делаю в моих статьях, я решил привести эту статью в оригинале; самое существенное в оригинале я выделил курсивом. Read the rest of this entry
Jewish-American philosopher Ayn Rand didn’t receive any Jewish education; she never studied with a rabbi and never belonged to a synagogue. Technically, she was not religious. Nevertheless, her creative achievements in making our world a better pace for everybody are spiritually Jewish. How could it be so for a person who proclaimed herself non-religious? An answer to this question could be found in considering the two realms of Jewish life as the “Chosen”. Read the rest of this entry